Category: Military Weapons

Advancements in Technology in World War II

 

In World War II, continual advancements in technology were mandatory to maintain a competitive edge over the enemy.  While technological advancements were made prior to the war, other developments were a direct result of the trials and errors suffered during the war.  The WWII era housed a great many changes which affected weaponry, logistical support, communications and intelligence, medicine and various industries.

Overview

Advancement in military weaponry occurred rapidly during the Second World War, including everything from aircraft to small arms.  At the beginning of WWII, little advancement had been seen since the end of WWI.  However, just six short years later the face of warfare morphed significantly with the military utilizing jet aircrafts and ballistic missiles.

Tanks and Vehicles

 

Due to the increased mobility of troops in WWII (vs. the static front lines of WWI), tanks saw significant advancements, including increased speed, armor and firepower.  The amphibious DUKW was another crucial development during the war and was utilized extensively for troop deployment and as a means to transport tanks to areas in need.

Ships

WWI Navy battleships no longer dominated the sea power.  Newly designed aircraft carriers were equipped with greater range and a heavier striking power.  Due to time constraints in producing new ships, older ships were being retro fitted with newly designed components.

Small Arms

 The production of small arms changed dramatically with the introduction of stamping, riveting and welding.  Semi-automatic rifles and assault rifles were also developed during this era.  A number of transformations emerged throughout this time that would affect future small arms advancements.  WWII small arms have continued to be a favorite among collectors of WWII weapons or weapons in general.

Aircraft

Aircraft development was crucial during WWII due to its increased use throughout the war – as bombers, fighters and reconnaissance.  Massive bombing raids were being utilized as an alternative to static trench warfare.  Air superiority was the goal of both the Allies and the Axis, each dedicating as much man/woman and machine power as possible to produce the ultimate air weapon.  By the end of WWII, pilots were flying jet aircrafts.  Other advancements in armament, maneuverability and radar assisted with the continual advancement of military aircraft.

Conclusion

No doubt WWII played a critical role in the industrialization of many of the nations around the world on which every military greatly relied.   As a result, incredible advancements in technology – necessitated by the advancements of the enemy – were witnessed throughout World War II.

WWII Tiger I Tank

Introduction

A tank feared by many of its opponents, the World War II Tiger I, or Panzerkampfwagen Tiger Ausf. E, was first developed in response to the Soviet Armor first encountered by the Germans at the onset of Operation Barbarossa.  This tank, a German heavy tank, was the first to mount the 88 mm gun, a gun already known for its effectiveness not only with ground targets, but air targets as well.  The main focus of the tank’s design was not only fire power, but heavy duty armor.

The Tiger I first saw battle on September 23, 1942 in an attack on Lenningrad. And though they were a surprise to the Russians, the Tiger I was not without its problems. The manufacturing of one tank required 300,000 man hours and required expensive and labor intensive materials. Plagued with mechanical breakdowns, the Tiger I also required costly preventative maintenance. This problem resulted in the crew’s need to either abandon the tank and sometimes to even destroy them. Despite the problems, the tank was still known for being fearsome in combat.

Just over 1,300 Tiger I tanks were manufactured from August 1942 through August 1944. When production of the Tiger II (King Tiger Tank) began, the Tiger I production was phased out. Currently, only a few of the World War II Tiger tanks are known to exist. The Bovington Tank Museum’s Tiger 131, is presently the only model known to be renovated and operational.

Information and Specifications on the Tiger I Tank

  • Categorized as a Heavy Tank
  • Originated in Nazi Germany
  • Service History: World War II (1942 thru 1945)
  • Manufactured by Henschel
  • Over 1,300 built
  • Crew of 5
  • Main armament for the Tiger I: 1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
  • Total rounds: 92 with some designs as high as 120.
  • Secondary armament: 2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
  • Total Rounds: 4,800
  • Tiger I Range of Operation was between 68 and 121 miles.
  • Speed for this tank: 24 miles per hour

The Tiger I Tank played a vital role in WWII.